According to legend, the birth of Lamborghini has taken place after a fight between Enzo Ferrari and Ferruccio Lamborghini. The latter complained to the Drake’s not lofty quality of the GT cars from Maranello. The debate between the two occurred in the early 60s Ferrari and Lamborghini dismissed, telling him to “think about the tractors that I take care of self.”
See pride, Ferruccio Lamborghini decided to give his life to a car manufacturer. Thus, in 1963, left the development of the first Lamborghini vehicle. The seat of Cento (FE) – where the Lamborghini tractors were produced – working team composed by the designer Giampaolo Dallara Giotto Bizzarrini the engineer and designer Franco Scaglione.
The “trio” gave birth to the Lamborghini 350 GTV prototype supercar exhibited at the Turin Motor Show of that year and featuring the 3500 V12 engine which provided a top speed of 280 km / h. Also in ’63, started the work of the plant in Sant’Agata Bolognese.
At the Geneva Motor Show in 1964, was presented the Lamborghini 350 GT production version of the 350 GTV. The car was designed by Carrozzeria Touring and was moved by 3500 V12 engine with 270 horsepower pushing the car up to 250 km / h top speed. In addition, the Lamborghini supercar had the cockpit configured in the unusual pattern 2 +1. Debuted in the ’65 Lamborghini 350 GTS Zagato and 3500, while at the Turin Show was presented the prototype P400 rear engine. This was the new unit 3900 V12 350 hp and 430 hp in standard version S.
The prototype P400 prefigured the first vs Ferrari model of Lamborghini. The Miura, officially presented at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show. Besides being the symbol of Lamborghini, the Miura was the first model to bear the name of a herd of bulls. In fact, bull officially became the brand identity of Lamborghini, zodiacal sign as owner of Ferruccio. The car was designed by Marcello Gandini, at that time head of Centro Stile Bertone. The Miura was equipped with a 4000 V12 engine from 350 horsepower that can reach a top speed of 270 km / h.
In ’66 was also presented the Lamborghini 400 GT, a GT 2 +2 always moved from the 4000 V12 engine but with reduced power to 320 hp. In addition, two prototypes were presented as the 400 Monza and the Flying Star.
Two years later, based on the 400 GT was born his deputy, or the Lamborghini Islero, also driven by the 4000 V12 engine with 320 horsepower. In 1968 he was also presented the Miura Roadster, remained at the prototype stage.
In ’69, however, the range was enlarged from 370 hp to the Miura S and the Espada. The latter adopted the 4000 V12 320 hp engine and was the standard version of the prototype Marzal, designed by Bertone and presented two years earlier.
In 1970, at the Geneva Motor Show Lamborghini Jarama was introduced that replaced the Islero, with whom he shared the 4000 V12 engine with 320 hp. In ’71 debuted the Miura SV, the latest evolution of 385 hp. Instead, at the Geneva Motor Show the same year he was presented the prototype LP500 engine mounted longitudinally rear.
In 1972 the range was expanded again with the Lamborghini Urraco, 4-seater sedan designed by Bertone, moved by the 2.5 V8 engine 220 hp. In ’73 he left the scene the Lamborghini Miura, Countach superseded by version serial protoripo LP500.
In 1974, with the presentation of the prototype Bravo. In addition, other versions of the Lamborghini debuted Urraco: the P300 and P200 from 265 hp from 182 hp, it is intended solely for the Italian market.
The Lamborghini crisis was caused by the development of a luxury SUV and alliance with BMW to design the M1. Shortly after the presentation of the prototype in 1980 Athon, Lamborghini went to meet with failure. The company revived the next year thanks to the French group that presented the Jalpa Mimran supercars like the new course.